Chapter 5: Teaching Edgar Algebra: The Challenge of Word Problems in Math

Chapter 5 addresses teaching Mathematics to English learners, focusing on:
  • Nature of communication in mathematics
  • Mathematics vocabulary
  • Challenges of teaching mathematics to English learners—word and other “problems”
  • Tenth grade mathematics lesson before and after application of the Academic Subjects Protocol (lesson analysis and adaptations) for English learners
Below we provide additional information on major topics addressed in or relevant to the content of Chapter 5, with links to each topic’s webpage that includes a brief narrative overview of the topic, followed by headings of subtopics with categorized, annotated links to freely available resources that can be used for further study or to activities that can be viewed or conducted in classes or workshops. At the bottom of this page, we share links to online resources for classroom use with English learners K-12.

Puerto Rican and Spanish-Speaking Caribbean Students in US English-Speaking Schools

Teaching Mathematics to English Learners

Table Turner Experience–Mathematics


Math formula sheets and math glossaries in ten languages.